How are Solar Panels Installed?


More than a million homes have already gone solar in the U.S., and many more homeowners are considering installing solar. If you’re in the market for solar, you probably want to know what actually happens during a solar panel installation, or even how to install solar panels yourself.

There are 7 main steps that need to happen after you sign your solar contract before the solar panels on your roof can actually power your home, and a lot of it is behind the scenes.

  1. Install Solar Panel Mounts
    The solar panel mounting system has to be set up. This will support the base of the solar panels. The whole mounting structure must be tilted and have an angle between 18 to 36 degrees to have maximum sunlight exposure.
  2. Install the Solar Panels
    When the mounts are set up, the solar panel itself has to be installed on the mounting structure. All the bolts and nuts need to be tight, so that it stays stable.
  3. Wire the Solar Panels
    The next step in the installation process is to install the electrical wiring. In most cases, MC4 connectors are used because they are suited for all types of solar panels. At this point, the installer makes sure to shut off the household’s electricity supply during the wiring installation.
  4. Install Solar Inverter
    After that, the solar inverter must be connected to the system. It is typically installed near the main panel and it could be both indoors and outdoors. Inverters are more efficient if kept in a cooler place.
  5. Bond Solar Inverter and Solar Battery
    Thereafter, the solar inverter has to be connected to the solar battery. The solar battery storage can save you from worrying about the lack of usable energy during cloudy times, it can also lower the solar battery storage system costs during installation.
  6. Connect the Inverter to the Consumer Unit
    The inverter should be connected to the consumer unit to generate electricity. A generation meter should also be connected to monitor the amount of electricity the solar panels actually produce. Depending on the solar provider you use, you can use your computer or other device to check your solar system’s performance. With Palmetto, we have our own app that can be easily tracked and used.
  7. Start and Test Solar Panels
    The final step is to switch the power on and test the newly installed solar panel system. After that, the solar panel installation process is completed.

Solar Panel Maintenance
Since there are no moving parts, solar panels require very little maintenance. Once you have covered the installation cost of solar panels there are not many costs associated with maintaining them. Having said that, you should inspect them a few times per year for dirt or some other things that might have piled on top. It is important that the panels are clean and there is nothing blocking them from efficiently absorbing the sun.


For more information, check out our website or fill out the form below to book a FREE consultation to know if you are eligible for Solar Panels on your home.

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